Your Pregnancy Bladder
Frequent urination Having to go to the bathroom (urination / micturition) is one of the most common pregnancy symptoms due to hormone effects, and because of your growing uterus pushing down on your bladder.
Having to empty your bladder frequently may temporarily pass in mid-pregnancy, as your uterus rises into the abdominal cavity and the pressure is released off your bladder.
Near to the time of delivery, however, as your baby’s head engages, you may find that frequent urination once again becomes a problem. Hormone effects that relax smooth muscles may also make you more prone to developing urinary tract infections.
In the later months of pregnancy, as your pelvic floor muscles relax ready for you to give birth, you may find that just sneezing, coughing, picking up something heavy or excessive movement can lead to the sudden involuntary escape of a small amount of urine; this is known as stress incontinence. Regular pelvic floor exercises may help to prevent stress incontinence. Stress incontinence is far more common in pregnancy than urge incontinence, which is rarely a problem except with a urinary tract infection.
Some women may also suffer from urge incontinence, which basically means the urgent need to urinate. If you suffer from urge incontinence, contact your healthcare professional as this may be a sign of a bladder or kidney infection. Likewise, if you experience any discomfort (such as pain or a burning sensation) when urinating, or notice any unusual smells or the presence of blood in your urine, speak to your healthcare professional. This may be a sign of a urinary tract infection such as cystitis (inflammation of the bladder caused by a bacterial infection) or pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidney caused by a bacterial infection).
The symptoms of urge incontinence are: going to the toilet more than once a night, needing to urinate badly and not being able to hold on and thinking you need to urinate more than eight times a day, but passing only very little, or no, urine.