The majority of women who get pregnant do not face any serious complications.
However, some women do experience grave complications endangering both her and the unborn child. In numerous instances, it is not probable to predict who will experience complications and who will not. It is important to be aware of the most probable pregnancy complications to be adequately prepared in case any of them arises during your pregnancy. Some of these common complications are:
Miscarriage occurs when one looses an unborn child within the first four months of the pregnancy. Approximately, twenty percent of all pregnant women experience miscarriage and over eighty percent of all miscarriages occur before three months. Most miscarriages are because of random activities brought about by chromosomal aberrations in the egg that has been fertilized. The first sign of miscarriage is normally vaginal bleeding and spotting. If one notices these signs, she should call the doctor instantly. It is virtually impossible to stop a miscarriage when it begins to occur. It is one of the saddest pregnancy complications since the mother automatically loses the child.
Premature labour and birth
Among the most common pregnancy complications is going into premature labor and delivering the child prematurely. If one begins to have frequent contractions that cause the cervix to start opening or thin out before the pregnancy has reached 37 weeks, she is in premature labor. Preterm birth is the term that refers to a baby born before it was due. Around twelve percent of babies are prematurely born. If the preterm birth occurs to early, it could have grave health repercussions for both mother and infant.
Preeclampsia is one of the most complex pregnancy complications and can affect up to eight per cent of pregnancies. It occurs after about four months when a pregnant woman displays two symptoms simultaneously – protein in her urine and newly increased blood pressure. Pregnant women go through the mild preeclampsia fine with proper medical care. Nevertheless, a severe form of preeclampsia can cause life-threatening complications and lead to the death of the mother, unborn child or both. For those with severe preeclampsia, an early delivery is necessary to avoid fatalities.
Oligohydramnios or low amniotic fluid
The amniotic fluid filled in the sac protects the child and supports its development. When this fluid is too little, it is referred to as Oligohydramnios. Approximately, eight percent of pregnant women at some point experience low levels of amniotic fluid, normally in their third trimester. If this happens, the woman comes under close supervision from a medical expert to ensure the child continues to develop normally. If it is at the last stages of one’s pregnancy, the doctor will induce labour.
An ectopic pregnancy comes about when an egg that is fertilized implants outside the uterus. The egg may implant itself in an ovary, fallopian tube, the abdomen or the cervix.
It is not possible to transfer an ectopic pregnancy to the uterus thus; the only option is to terminate it.